Resume Mistakes That You Need to Know

unduhan-17A solid resume is what gets you in the door and in front of hiring managers when you’re applying for jobs. That’s why it’s so important to make sure your application is free of mistakes, and that means more than just typos. Business News Daily spoke with hiring and HR experts to help you clean up some common resume errors so you can land that interview.
An “objective” at the top of your resume is outdated and should be eliminated. This section tells an employer or recruiter what you want, rather than what you can do for them, said Marissa Letendre, senior recruiter at Zimmerman Associates recruiting firm.

“It should be replaced with a paragraph-style summary which communicates what [the candidate] can do for the employer and achievements relevant to the position they are applying for,” Letendre added.

“I constantly see candidates listing obvious duties in bullet points under a job title,” said Yahya Mokhtarzada CEO of Truebill, which provides a tool for organizing subscription services. “If an applicant was a host at TGI Fridays for three years, I can assume they undertook common host/hostess duties such as greeting guests and seating them at tables.” Mokhtarzada suggested using the bullet-point space to list things you’ve done that an employer wouldn’t guess or to illustrate instances when you went above and beyond.

SWOT tips for small business

unduhan-18Conducting a SWOT analysis means listing your company’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. It is used to evaluate your current market environment and how it may change for better or worse, and then develop a response strategy.

Strengths and weaknesses are for internal factors such as location, patents held and reputation. Opportunities and threats look outside the company for things like competitors, market changes and supplier impacts. When you evaluate those four things against one another, you can see where potential problems lie as well as market gaps that you can position your company to fill.

If you have never done a SWOT analysis, you might not know where to begin. Here are eight tools, software and apps to help you get started.

MindTools
Looking for a free SWOT analysis? MindTools offers a free SWOT analysis PDF worksheet that you can download, fill out and save on your computer. Each section contains sample questions to help you with the process, such as “What do you do well?” for strengths, “What could you improve?” for weaknesses, “What trends could you take advantage of?” for opportunities and “What is your competition doing?” for threats. MindTools also offers a complete how-to guide that covers what a SWOT analysis is all about and how to create the best one for your business. Similar resources include the TOWS Matrix — an alternative to a SWOT analysis — and tools that help with strategizing, problem solving and decision making.

Cost: Free.

Creately
The term “SWOT analysis” may sound boring, but yours doesn’t have to be. Creately, a Web-based SWOT analysis software, lets you create colorful SWOT analysis diagrams that you can fill with content, logos and other personalized elements. The software is also jam-packed with features like premade, professional SWOT analysis templates; Google Images integration; the ability to import your own images; and collaboration capabilities for feedback and contributions from members of your team. Creately also provides sample SWOT analyses from other companies, along with a database of tutorials and diagrams, to give you an idea of how to begin. To start using Creately, just click on the Start Drawing Now button to launch the no-install software right on your browser.

Cost: Starts at $5 per user per month.

Gliffy
Gliffy operates on an HTML 5 editor that is more than two times faster than Flash, making large diagrams quick and easy to create. You can set themes and colors, protect and track changes, and share or publish easily with a read-only URL that you can embed in social media. Gliffy also offers Google Drive Integration so that you can access them on any device, making collaboration and review processes a snap. It also allow Visio imports, allowing you to upgrade your sharing methods while retaining and repurposing all of your old diagrams.

Cost: Starts at $5 per month per user for basic functionality. Access to full features starts at $10 a month per user with Gliffy’s Business pricing plan.

Grapholite
Don’t have an iOS device? Check out Grapholite, which lets you create, edit and save SWOT analysis diagrams on an Android or Windows 10 device (Windows 8 users need to contact the company directly for a link). Although Grapholite is essentially a flow-charting tool — you can create everything from Venn diagrams to organization charts and mind maps — its SWOT capabilities are more than enough for any small business. This full-featured app offers drawing tools, drag-and-drop shapes and elements, online and offline modes, and the ability to export SWOT diagrams into common image and document formats.

Cost: $49.99 from the Windows Store and $14.99 from Google Play. An online and desktop version is also available for $69.99.

SmartDraw
SmartDraw is all about speed. This software claims to let you create a SWOT analysis in minutes. First, choose a template. Then, add action buttons, shapes and other content, all within the Microsoft Office suite. The software will automatically align elements, providing a foolproof way to create professional-looking SWOT analyses. Although SmartDraw aims to help you create a SWOT analysis as quickly as possible, it also offers all types of SWOT examples to review before you get started and use as guidance for your business. In addition to basic SWOT diagrams, other examples include different types of SWOT diagrams, such as angled, pie chart and tabbed; different kinds of SWOT analysis, like Key SWOT Questions, Market Analysis SWOT and Product Marketing SWOT; and SWOT for different types of businesses, ranging from coffee shops to car manufacturers and everything in between.

Cost: Free to download and try. Purchased copies start at $297.

SWOT Analysis Generator
Don’t know where to start? Creating a SWOT analysis doesn’t get any easier than WikiWealth’s free SWOT Analysis Generator. Each section in the generator is prefilled with a list of possible strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats to help you get started, and you can also enter your own ideas that aren’t on the list. Just enter your product or company name, and start checking off statements that apply to your business. When you’re finished, simply click on the Create SWOT Analysis button, and the generator will automatically build your SWOT framework and take you to your SWOT analysis. Besides helping you build a SWOT analysis, what makes WikiWealth’s Free SWOT Analysis Generator especially valuable is that it helps you gain a deeper understanding of each section and your business. Once your SWOT analysis is created, you can view explanations and definitions of each SWOT statement, as well as add comments to better evaluate each section. You and members of your team can also up-vote or down-vote items to better prioritize them and make wiser business decisions.

How to Find Out Your Business

unduhan-16For some small business owners, the long-term plan is to build their company up and sell it when the value is at its highest. But according to market research from IBIS World, only two percent of businesses in the U.S. value themselves annually. Banking on a final payday when you’re ready to sell is no safe strategy unless you know for sure what your company is worth.

“Nearly 40 percent of active businesses [in the U.S.] will sell in the next 10 years,” said Mike Carter, CEO of BizEquity. “The haunting statistic is that 78 percent of the business owners who sell think they’re going to fund 80 to 100 percent of their retirement needs from the sale of the business. But if only two percent really know what they’re worth that’s a huge problem, not just for the owners but also for the economy.”

The reason so many business owners don’t know their company’s worth is they don’t add their expenses back into the total value, Carter said. He recommended utilizing the “Seller’s Discretionary Earnings” methodology in order to obtain a truly accurate picture of a privately held company’s value.

These expenses are generally ones that benefit the business owner, such as the owner’s salary, insurance premiums, and larger one-time expenditures. Knowing your SDE and total revenue is crucial to gaining an accurate valuation of your company.

In addition to being aware of your SDE and revenue, Carter recommended following these steps to determine your business’s value:

Research your industry. Utilize free search tools to find the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes for your specific business. This will help you compare your value to other businesses in your sector.

Think about your growth rate. Long-term growth rate can factor into your business’s value, and could account for why your company is actually worth more than what the market says.

Don’t only use the buyer’s valuation. When you’re ready to sell, a buyer may make an offer based on his or her valuation of your business. Before completing the sale, be sure to get another third-party value assessment to ensure you’re not underselling your company.
If you’re planning on funding your retirement with the sale of your business, it’s important to begin evaluating your company’s worth now. Putting it off until shortly before you’re ready to call it quits is a recipe for disaster, Carter said.

“If you wait until right before you retire [to value your business] it’s like planning for retirement the month before you actually retire,” Carter said. “You wouldn’t do that, I wouldn’t do that, and yet millions of business owners are doing that every day.”

Job Interview Tips

When you go on a job interview, sometimes it takes a while for the hiring manager or human resources department to get back to you. Waiting to hear the next steps or whether you’ll be offered the job can often be more stressful than the interview itself.

To ease your anxiety about the situation, you may consider following up with the interviewer or HR rep to find out where they are in the hiring process. But you don’t want to appear pushy or overbearing; it might ruin the good impression you already made.

Business News Daily spoke with hiring and HR experts about the polite, professional and proper way to follow up after a job interview.

Start with a thank-you
Following up post-interview is a key component of the job search. Reaching out “projects your level of interest and commitment to the position at hand,” Jill Gaynor, an employee engagement and training expert, said in an interview with The Ladders.

“A call [or email] to the hiring manager can bring your name and resume to his or her attention, and separate you from the [other applicants],” she said.

A good first step is to send a thank-you note to the person who interviewed you, preferably via email within 24 hours.

“A job candidate should always send thank-you emails right after an interview,” said Kristen Kenny, vice president of people and talent at car search website CarGurus.

Sending the note gives candidates an opportunity to express their interest in the position and company, as well as share any additional information that they may have forgotten to mention during the interview, Kenny added. [See Related Story: After the Interview: Sample Thank You Letters]

Patience is your friend
While interviewing, candidates should ask about the next steps and timeline for the hiring process as a way to understand when they should reconnect with a hiring manager.

If no time frame is specified, JD Conway, senior talent acquisition partner at BambooHR, suggested waiting four to seven days after your initial thank you note before contacting the company again.

“Every company’s hiring process is completely different,” Conway said.”Most [recruiters] are trying to keep in contact with anywhere from around 50 to hundreds of candidates at that same time. Just because it’s been a few days doesn’t mean they aren’t planning on considering you [for the job].”

If a timeline is discussed during the initial interview process, candidates should respect what the interviewer told them.

“An applicant should not follow up within five days if they’re told that a hiring decision is going to be made within two weeks,” Kenny said. “Instead, they should show patience and an understanding of deadlines by waiting closer to the two-week mark before reconnecting.”

Don’t be shy
Following up can be uncomfortable. It can be hard to gauge where you stand, and if you’re getting radio silence from the hiring manager, you might second-guess yourself.

Conway said candidates often have trepidation about reaching out and “bothering” someone. And sometimes, recruiters don’t have updates of their own to give, which causes a natural delay that can feel awkward, he said.

At the same time, “there are also recruiters that are too passive in telling candidates ‘no,'” Conway added. However, the best recruiters won’t let having to tell a candidate “no” hold them back from swift, transparent communication.

It’s also good to keep in mind that it’s not always you — sometimes, it’s them.

“When you’re not hearing something [from a hiring manager], often it has more to do with internal decisions and processes than it does you,” said Maxie McCoy, a career expert. “Remember, this is professional, and put yourself in the hiring manager’s shoes. Checking in is a good thing. Just make sure to do it in a way that is respectful of someone’s time.”

“It’s all about being sweetly persistent,” Conway added. “And if the HR team seems annoyed that you’re (kindly) holding them accountable, you might want to rethink whether that’s a company you want to work for.”

How to success on your freelance job

The “gig economy” is making a sizable impact on the way professionals view work, especially freelancing. The limitations of the 9-to-5, full-time office job have dissolved, and freelancers can choose their own schedules, workplaces and projects.

According to a study by Upwork and Freelancers Union, 60 percent of freelancers in the U.S. started freelancing by choice versus necessity, and 67 percent of freelancers agree that more people are choosing to work independently today compared to three years ago.

Freelancing offers freedom and flexibility, and many workers are opting for this lifestyle over traditional, full-time opportunities. For instance, Nick DiUlio, a freelance journalist and adjunct professor of journalism at Rowan University in New Jersey, had been freelancing in his spare time and assumed it would be a stopgap between full-time gigs.

“It started as a way to get out of a toxic workplace where I was unhappy,” DiUlio told Business News Daily. “I loved the flexibility and variety [of freelancing]. After a year, I couldn’t imagine myself doing anything else.” [See Related Story: Want to Be a Full-Time Freelancer? What You Need to Know]

Fastest-growing freelance positions
Whatever your skill set, it’s important to recognize market demand to keep your freelance business running.

According to Upwork, demand for high-quality writers, programmers and designers soared in 2015, with each job growing more than 100 percent last year. Specific skills include:

Content marketers (+136 percent): Content marketing is in demand. It enables businesses of all types to engage their customers and help build a brand.
AngularJS developers (+150 percent): If you are starting a business, the Internet remains the most cost-effective way to reach customers. That means you need a web developer, and AngularJS is the entrepreneur’s JavaScript framework of choice.
User experience designers (+141 percent): Your website or app has to make a great impression in seconds to your customers. With more entrepreneurs starting with design first, a UX expert is a must.
WooCommerce developers (+134 percent): With advertising falling out of favor as a business model with investors, many entrepreneurs are turning to direct sales. Easy-to-implement platforms like WooCommerce stood out in 2015.
Virtual assistants (+53 percent): Increasingly, business professionals and entrepreneurs are turning to virtual assistants to manage their nonessential tasks, freeing up time to focus on mission-critical, high-impact work.
Electrical engineers (+51 percent): With the internet-of-things market heating up, companies and entrepreneurs need electrical engineers to help build connected devices.
Running a one-person business
DiUlio advises having a well-thought-out plan and doing your research.

“You need to know and approach [freelancing] with an economic plan,” DiUlio said. “Web-based writing is a little easier, because the payment turnaround is quicker, as opposed to print which could have 30-, 60- or 90-day turnarounds.”

Knowing payment structure, how much you’ll get paid and when is invaluable information for your freelancing career, he added.

Most importantly, think of yourself as a business of one, said Ryan Johnson, director of categories at Upwork.

“Budget time to build your personal brand and market yourself,” Johnson said. “In addition, allocate some of your time to refreshing your existing skills and adding new ones. Businesses are increasingly turning to freelance marketplaces to access skills that an in-house team doesn’t have. Keeping yourself up-to-date with new and emerging trends will make you more desirable.”

It’s important to remember to keep in touch with your contacts, and to make new ones, said Michael Parker, vice president of collaboration at join.me. Networking is especially important for freelancers, to help get new client leads.

“Attend industry events you’re interested in,” Parker said. “Go to other events to network with prospective clients and sources.”

The best way to start once you’re ready? Just do it.

“Once you set up [an online] profile and land your first project, you’ll be able to showcase your work, receive client reviews and start building your online reputation,” Johnson said. “You should view your profile as a more innovative, better version of a résumé, since it provides proof of your work.”

Whether you make a career out of freelancing or use it as a part-time platform, acknowledge your worth and don’t work for free, DiUlio said.

Tips for Better Future Career

Internships help prepare college students and recent graduates for their future careers by allowing them to take what they’ve learned in the classroom and apply it in real-life situations and environments. Some internships are paid and others aren’t, but regardless, both students and companies benefit from the experience, experts say.

“It is vital that a student understands what they are getting into before becoming fully invested in the career path that they choose,” said Todd Rothman, an educator and partner/co-founder of wyzPREP, which prepares students for the Graduate Management Admission Test (commonly called the GMAT). Internships provide the opportunity to work alongside mentors and peers, and gain experience you cannot get in a classroom, he added.

A competitive climate

Just like the job market, the internship climate is extremely competitive, with tons of applicants competing for the same job. Nowhere is that more evident than in California’s Silicon Valley, Jeff Selingo, author of “There is Life After College,” wrote on LinkedIn. Each summer, thousands of college students descend on the technology mecca to work as interns at a mix of startups and Fortune 100 companies. During those three months, these companies are looking for the best students in their intern pools — as well as those at other firms — and putting a full-court press on them to commit to permanent jobs after they graduate, Selingo said.

According to Selingo, more companies are hiring from their intern pools. This means recruiters have shifted their attention from hiring soon-to-graduate seniors as full-timers to scoping out juniors, even as early as the fall term, to be interns the next summer.

“Internships are increasingly the only way for new applicants to get in the door at some companies,” Selingo wrote. “Postings for internships now make up a significant proportion of the overall entry-level job openings in several industries, including engineering, graphic design, communications, marketing and information technology.”

“Everybody wants to get a chance to prove themselves, and many companies now treat internships as a trial run for full-time employment,” added Jon Loew, CEO and founder of KeepTree, a service that captures messages and send them on a designated date. “Most applicants are aware of this, so you have to compete with a lot of other qualified candidates looking to get a leg up.”

 

Apply the right way

Despite the competitiveness, you shouldn’t apply to internships for the sake of having them on your resume.

“First and foremost, make sure you apply for internships that truly interest you,” Rothman said. “Internships can be very demanding on a student’s time and effort. The more passionate a student is about [their internship], the more they will gain from it.”

Rothman noted that it is vital that students understand what they are getting into before becoming fully invested in the career path. Even if the student won’t be offered a job at the end of it, it’s important to have a direction.

Even if there is no potential for interns to be hired at the end of the internship, they shouldn’t rule out that particular opportunity, Loew said. “The networking opportunity alone can be invaluable,” he noted. “The best way to know is to evaluate what you really want to do with your life and focus on working and learning about that particular job.”

Time spent at these internships is valuable and should be treated as such, Rothman noted. However, it’s important to be wary of companies that try to take advantage of young professionals, said Natalya Khaykis, analyst at ZipJob.

Don’t Do It When Job Interview

Looking for a job is not easy. Even when you land an interview, you only have your foot in the door. To cross the threshold to a new job, the interview must go well.

Most job seekers know the basics of what a hiring manager wants: Dress professionally, bring a copy of your resume, make eye contact, and don’t ask about salary and benefits right away.But it can be just as helpful to know what not to do: Interviewers have some lesser-known pet peeves about job applicants and their actions, and avoiding those can be critical to a successful interview.

Human resources professionals and hiring experts shared a few candidate behaviors they see before, during and after the interview that leave a terrible impression — and that ultimately might cost you the job.

1. Desperate mass job applications
When candidates apply to almost every job available on the careers section of a company website, it immediately sends a “desperation” signal to the hiring manager. You might think you’re showing how versatile you are by applying for every position, but a recruiter views it as a lack of focus, or non-mastery of specific skills.

“Be aware that if you are a jack-of-all-trades, you probably are a master of none,” said Luan Lam, vice president of global talent acquisition at application intelligence company AppDynamics. “You might want to hone in on your best skill set and apply to a maximum of two positions.”

2. Misrepresentation
Recruiters will often automatically dismiss resumes with bad grammar and spelling, and missing information. The only thing worse than a poorly written or incomplete resume is one that looks great until you realize the candidate was exaggerating or misrepresenting certain information on it. Stretching the truth about a position you held, whether by fudging the employment dates or trumping up your job duties or skills, won’t do you any favors when an employer figures out that you lied.

“Nothing frustrates a hiring manager more,” said Jack Hill, director of talent acquisition solutions at human capital management software company PeopleFluent. “They took the time to evaluate you and they think you have the prerequisites to do that job.”

3. Being late to the interview
It is far better to be early and bored than to be late and panicked. Showing up late to a scheduled interview shows recruiters that you are unreliable with your own time management, Luan Lam said. It also implies a lack of respect and consideration for someone else’s time. To avoid running late to an interview, always map out the approximate time it takes to get to your interview location. Allow an extra hour for traffic, parking or delays on public transit.

4. Not looking the part
Everyone says you shouldn’t judge a book by its cover, but it is human nature to do so. You will be judged on how you present yourself during the interview, from the way you talk and your body language, to how you dress.

Business casual has become the new normal at many workplaces throughout the country, but sometimes job seekers take the casual part too far and the business part too lightly, said Jaden Lam, founder of a menswear brand specifically designed for men 5 foot 9 inches (175 centimeters) and shorter.

“Someone who comes in with an oversized shirt, scruffy shoes or pants that aren’t hemmed properly is sending the wrong message no matter what he says in the interview,” he told Business News Daily.

If you don’t know how to dress, ask the recruiter or someone connected to the company. Sloane Barbour, regional director at Jobspring, said to overdress if you’re not sure. If the hiring manager says business casual and you perceive it as jeans and a polo shirt, you may be better off wearing slacks and a button-down unless it’s communicated to you that jeans are appropriate, he said.

Great America Job

As the United States celebrates another birthday, and American workers enjoy a day off from work, hereꞌs a look at some of the essential jobs that have made our country what it is today.

“While every job plays an important role in making America a successful, thriving nation, our study focuses on 12 careers that provide for our most basic needs: food, clean water, health, shelter, safety and communication,” Rosemary Haefner, chief human resources officer at CareerBuilder, said in a statement. “These workers impact our lives every day.”

The 12 occupations that CareerBuilder identified as vital to keeping our country running are:

1. Farmers, ranchers and other agricultural managers

Number employed: 494,879
Median income: $30,597
Why we canꞌt live without them: Farms produce the crops and livestock that represent most, if not all, of the food found in our pantries and refrigerators.
2. Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

Number employed: 113,370
Median income: $45,968
Why we canꞌt live without them: Water and wastewater workers are responsible for the constant monitoring, cleaning and frequent testing of water samples. Without these workers, we wouldn’t have the easy access to fresh water that we all enjoy.
3. Teachers

Number employed: 4,031,658
Median income: $55,557
Why we canꞌt live without them: Teachers play a vital role of giving our children knowledge, while also preparing them to become successful adults.
4. Construction laborers

Number employed: 1,335,944
Median income: $31,658
Why we canꞌt live without them: Construction workers are responsible for building our cities and communities. They build bridges, skyscrapers, houses and just about everything else.
5. Electrical and telecommunications line installers and repairers

Number employed: 238,922
Median income: $60,965
Why we canꞌt live without them: We rely on electronic devices today more than ever. These workers are responsible for maintaining the cable lines that keep our electricity and phone lines up and running.
6. Refuse and recyclable material collectors

Number employed: 134,250
Median income: $34,258
Why we canꞌt live without them: Without these workers, our streets and neighborhoods would be overrun with garbage. Research from Yale University revealed that Americans throw out 5 pounds of trash per person, every day.
7. Police and sheriffꞌs patrol officers

Number employed: 675,939
Median income: $60,466
Why we canꞌt live without them: Police officers help keep us safe. They maintain order and respond to emergency situations whenever they are called upon.
8. Firefighters

Number employed: 314,928
Median income: $48,859
Why we canꞌt live without them: Firefighters keep communities safe from one of the most vicious natural forces on the planet. Research from the National Fire Protection Association discovered that fires were responsible for 3,275 civilian deaths and $11.5 billion in property damage in 2014.

The question that you can ask while in job interview

Job interviews are nerve-wracking. There is a lot at stake for both the candidate and the company, and it’s tough to stand out in a sea of competing applicants.

Candidates should be brave and ask the right questions, showing not only their serious interest, but also ensuring that the job is right for them.

“All hiring managers will ask questions that will help determine culture and technical fit,” said Caroline Stokes, founder of Forward, a headhunting and coaching company for leaders. “In turn, candidates need to ask questions.”

Most professionals do spend at least some time during their interviews asking questions of their potential employer, according to an Accountemps study.

Overall, 84 percent of those surveyed said that, when interviewing for a job, they ask the hiring manager questions of their own. The most common topics they inquire about are salary, corporate culture, benefits and chances for advancement. [See Related Story: How ‘Personal’ Should You Get in a Job Interview?]

“Sometimes an interview will be very formal, where the hiring manager or recruiter will be in the driving seat and the candidate has the opportunity to ask questions only at the end. Other times, it will be a flow of information going back and forth, more conversational in style,” Stokes said. “It’s your job as the candidate to be prepared for all of those environments, which enable the interviewer to determine [if] you’re a great fit for the role.”

Based on advice from our expert sources, here are some questions that you should consider asking during a job interview:

What’s a typical day like for someone in this position? The answer to this question provides you with a better idea of not only what’s required of the position on a day-to-day basis, but also how well your would-be boss understands what the job involves.
What are you currently working on that you’re most excited about? When you can hear that the project is something you have knowledge about, you can join in and add value to the conversation, which will help demonstrate your experience as a specialist.
How does your company typically manage challenging situations? To understand the dynamics of such a challenge, ask the interviewer for a concrete example, and then probe for further details, if necessary. This is another way for you to have a two-way conversation, and also show how you might approach that scenario.
Why did the person who previously held the job leave? Taking a job that’s a revolving door might not be the best move for you. That could mean that there are unrealistic expectations or that previous workers holding the position weren’t set up for success.
What qualities do you need to be successful in this position? This is a chance for you to show how well your skills match what the hiring manager is looking for, and also helps you make sure you have the strengths that you need to be successful.
What are the greatest opportunities for the company in the next several years? The answer to this question gives you an idea of how the business might fare in the coming years, as well as whether those in charge are more pragmatic or visionary.
What do you like most about working here? The response will provide insight into the employer’s corporate culture and will give you a better sense of what motivates your potential boss.
“It’s great when [candidates] ask specific and thoughtful questions based on what they’ve read,” said Brian McClusky, HR director at InkHouse Public Relations. “For example, if there’s been recent news coverage and they ask a question based on that, I’m always impressed. They should ask questions about the company’s plans for growth, strategic direction and how the candidate and the position might fit into that.”

All about the salaries for new job

Just graduated with a science or tech degree? You’re in luck: New job seekers can make the most money working in entry-level engineering and software development jobs, according to a new study from the Hay Group, a division of the organizational advisory firm Korn Ferry.

Both jobs have average starting salaries of more than $62,000, and the pay could be even higher for those jobs depending on where they’re located. For example, the average starting salary of an engineering job in San Francisco is $77,096 and $74,609 in New York City. Software development starting pay is also more than $74,000 in both of those cities.

For the study, researchers analyzed salaries of 145,000 entry-level positions from more than 700 organizations across the United States. Based on this data, the firm issued a sampling of 25 jobs, across various industries, as a way to provide a snapshot of what new grads can expect as they enter the workforce full time for the first time.

Overall, the average starting salary of the 25 jobs listed is $48,270, up 2 percent from a year ago. [See Related Story: Grads’ First Job: 4 Questions Before You Say Yes]

“The market for hiring college grads is extremely competitive this year, so employers need real, authentic ways to differentiate themselves and stand out as an employer of choice,” Vivienne Dykstra, global graduate practice leader for Korn Ferry Futurestep, said in a statement. “Strong starting salaries are a critical part of successful recruiting, along with a commitment to helping new recruits develop as their careers progress.”

The average starting salaries for the 25 jobs highlighted in the study are:

Engineer: $62,174
Software developer: $62,093
Actuary: $57,600
Scientist/researcher: $56,872
Environmental professional: $56,236
Insurance underwriter: $55,152
Registered nurse: $55,099
System’s administrator: $52,200
Paralegal: $51,511
Wireless consultant: $50,116
E-commerce analyst: $50,000
Human resources administrator: $48,578
Merchandise planning associate: $46,873
Product development specialist: $46,575
Event coordinator: $46,212
Public relations assistant: $45,619
Pharmacy benefits program coordinator: $45,506
Buyer: $44,477
Graphic designer: $43,855
Accountant: $43,294
Health education instructor: $42,994
Call center specialist: $39,998
Claims examiner: $35,987
Category assistant: $35,782
Customer service representative: $31,958

Job Seekers and Employers That You Need to Know

The job market has changed a lot in recent years, and consequently, so has the hiring process.

According to CareerBuilder, both job seekers and hiring managers need to adapt to new norms and standards when trying to find a good employment fit.

“Job seekers may have more of an edge in today’s market as employers grow increasingly competitive for labor — but need to follow new rules of engagement,” Rosemary Haefner, chief human resources officer for CareerBuilder, said in a statement. “For employers, it’s important to remember that the candidate experience starts from the very first click and can impact how effectively a company is able to recruit quality candidates, the popularity of its employer brand, the strength and quality of its referrals, and even its bottom line.”

Here are the top facts job seekers should know when looking for work:

It’s not a quick process. Job seekers must understand that finding a job will likely take longer than they expect. According to CareerBuilder’s research, from the moment a job search begins to the point of accepting an offer typically takes about two months. However, depending on the field and location, it can take even longer. The key is to keep a positive attitude if you aren’t hired quickly.
Put in the effort. On average, job seekers spend 11 hours a week searching for work. If you are spending less time than that, you are giving your competition a leg up.
If you don’t get an offer from an employer the first time around, it doesn’t mean you never will. More than half of employers give past candidates who weren’t hired the first time around a second look when hiring again. For job seekers, this means that it is important to stay connected by joining an employer’s talent network or signing up for automatic alerts to notify you when that company has new job openings.
Employers want more than a resume. CareerBuilder’s research revealed that 53 percent of employers think a resume doesn’t provide enough information to decide if a candidate is a good fit. Job seekers should also include a professional cover letter, a portfolio when applicable, recommendations and links to social media profiles. If you are giving them only your resume, you likely won’t get a second look.
Highlight soft skills. More than 60 percent of employers said finding out a candidate’s soft skills is their top task when making a new hire. During the hiring process, be sure to highlight your less tangible skills, such as having a positive attitude, being dependable and working well under pressure.
Don’t get too attached to a particular field. With more than one-third of employees not working in a career related to their college degree, it is important to keep an open mind about the types of jobs you are looking for. More and more employers are focusing on the relevant skills candidates have and how trainable they seem. This gives job seekers more options than they might have originally envisioned.
Don’t take the first offer. With competition for top talent heating up, employers are willing to pay employees more than in recent years. This year, two-thirds of businesses plan to offer higher starting salaries. This puts job seekers in a better position to negotiate.